ret(h)-

ret(h)-
    ret(h)-
    English meaning: to run, to roll
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “laufen, rollen”
    Material: O.Ind. rátha- m. “ cart “, rathī́ - “Wagenlenker”, ráthya- “zum cart gehörig”, ratharyáti “travels in cart “; ratheṣṭhü̆́- “warrior” = Av. raϑaēštå ds.; Av. raϑa- “ cart “, raiϑya “Fahrstraße”; Lat. rota “wheel”, birotus “zweirädrig” (: Lith. dvirãtis), rotundus ‘scheibenrund”; Maybe Alb. rota “wheel”. Ir. roth m. “wheel”; Welsh rhod f. “wheel”; Gaul. PN Roto-magus (Rouen); Celt. *-reto- “run, flow”, neutr. Abstraktsuffix in Welshbrith-red “perplexity” = M.Ir. brecht-rad “Mannigfaltigkeit”, Kollektivsuffix in M.Ir. aig-red “ice”; lengthened grade *-rōto- in M.Welsh rhawd “run, flow, Laufbahn, Schaar”, gaeaf-rawd “Winterszeit” = M.Ir.gem-rad ds., M.Welsh bed-rawd, Welsh bedd-rod, Bret. bez-ret “Gräber” (Welsh bedd “grave”), in addition M.Ir. rü(i)the “ season, quarter of the year “ (*rōti̯ o-); O.Ir. rethim “laufe” with compounds, Kaus. roithim “treibe an”; Maybe Alb. rreth “hoop, rim (of wheel); circle”, rrethim ‘siege”; O.Ir. Verbaln. riuth m. “run, flow” (*r̥tu-); Maybe Alb. rrjethë, rrjedhë f. “run, flow” (*r̥tu-); to O.Ir. do-riuth “accurrō” belongs Welsh tyred (*to-rete) “come!”; O.Ir. fo-riuth, Welsh guoredaf ‘succurrō”, O.Welsh perf. gua-raut = Ir. fo-ráith (*upo-rōt-e); O.Ice. rǫðull m. ‘strahlenkranz, sun” and O.S. radur, O.E. rador, rodor m. ‘sky, heaven”; Goth. *raÞs “light”, (compar. n. raÞizo) O.E. ræd “quick, fast, behend”, O.H.G. rado, rato adv. “quick, fast”; and. rath, afr. reth, O.H.G. rad “wheel”, radelōt “with Räderchen versehen”; Lith. rãtas m. “wheel, circle “ (Plur. rütai “Karren, cart “), Ltv. rats “wheel” (Plur. rati “ cart “), Lith. ratẽlis m. “Rädchen” (compare O.H.G. radelōt and Lat. rotula f. “Rädchen”), dvirãtis (mostly pl. dvirãčiai) “zweirädriger cart “; maybe Alb.Gheg me rotullue “to circulate”, Illyr. GN Redon, Rodon Lith. ritù, rìsti “roll” (*r̥t-); but Gaul. petor-ritum “vierrädriger cart “ kann Lat. development from *petor-roto- sein.
    References: WP. II 368, WH. II 443 f., Trautmann 238.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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